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I am not aware of any means to learn numbers called other than those you mention.
SMS may be in a backup of your phone, and there are some Apps, particularly for Android phones that claim to be able to retrieve deleted SMS.
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Basically no and no unless it was iphone and you had chosen to save imessages to icloud forever. A lot of apps claim they can get them but, you're risking your privacy forever. However the Telus app/telus.com will always show you call history for the past 18 months 😄 Here's the links for the app!